Registration and Pan Dulce y Café
Blessing, Welcome and Introductions
Living Legacies Panel: Remembering the 1966 Strike and March
Note: This panel will be conducted primarily in Spanish with interpretation in English
- Daría Arredondo Vera, Participant in 1966 Strike and March and UFW
- Efrain Carrera, Participant in the 1966 Melon Worker Strike
- Guadalupe Guzman, Participant in the 1966 March from Rio Grande City to Austin
11 a.m.-12:15 p.m.
Mexican American Labor Histories and Social Justice
- "Reflections of a Former Migrant Worker Turned Historian" - Dr. Emilio Zamora, History, University of Texas at Austin
- This presentation will review key publications on Mexican farmworkers and their social movements in the United States, paying particular attention to the issue of uneven upward mobility and its enduring legacy of inequality in Texas agriculture during the twentieth century.
- "Emma Tenayuca and Carolina Munguía: Serving Raza Working-Class Women and their Families in Depression Era San Antonio" - Dr. Gabriela Gonzalez, History, University of Texas at San Antonio
- This presentation highlights the lives and work of two San Antonio women whose activism reflected a commitment to helping la raza in Juan Crow Texas during the 1930s and 1940s. Emma Tenayuca fought for the rights of Mexican-origin workers and Carolina Munguía sought to break cycles of poverty by working for institutional changes that would allow working-class families greater educational opportunities.
- "The Reverend James L. Novarro and the March that Made a Movement" - David Cameron, PhD Candidate, History, Texas A&M University
- While historians of the Chicano movement in Texas acknowledged the role of the 1966 Minimum Wage March in unifying Mexican Americans and catalyzing a nascent Chicano movement in the state, the intersections of faith and identity politics, particularly for evangélicos, remain underemphasized in Chicano movement historiography. Thus, this paper engages these themes by analyzing the movement in Houston and following one of its leaders, longtime Baptist minister in Houston and co-leader of the march from the Rio Grande Valley to Austin in the summer of 1966, Rev. James L. Novarro. For Novarro, as for other Mexican Americans in Texas and the Houston area, the march to raise support for a minimum wage became the movement.
Luncheon and Keynote Address
"Looking Back, Looking Forward: The 1966 Strike & March, Mexican American Labor Activism, and Collective Memory" - Dr. Sonia Hernández, History, Texas A&M University
Labor Activism, Organizing, and Movements, Past and Present
- "Organizing Farmworkers in the Lower Rio Grande Valley" - Rebecca Flores, Community Activist and Former UFW Director
- Organizing in a "Right to Work" (for less) state, excluded from the National Labor Relations Act, with an abundance of workers, male and female, three seasons, and a smaller industry, organizing farmworkers in Texas took a different path. It never looked like traditional labor organizing. It was actually a movement. This presentation will focus on my experiences in the movement as a UFW director and labor organizer.
- "Legacies of the Women of the Texas UFW" - Dr. Raquel Marquez, Sociology, University of Texas at San Antonio
- The women of the Texas UFW were essential to the successes that the UFW had in Texas. Women in the Texas UFW stepped out from their roles as workers in the fields and as housewives, and came to dominate the Texas leadership. The women organized and lobbied on behalf of their families. They also were forceful in securing changes that affected them as women when working in the fields. This presentation draws from an ethnographic research study that includes interviews with farmworkers, labor organizers, community activists and elected officials.
- "Chicano Movement Organizing: Notes on Texas, New England & the West Coast, 1970s-1980s" - Dr. Roberto Calderon, Associate Professor of History, University of North Texas
- This recollection examines how the Chicano Movement in South Texas had enduring repercussions to organizing experiences that occurred in Texas and the east and west coasts during the 1970s and 1980s. Building and fomenting new structures to address existing institutional and social inequities gave the movement its edge and relevance, its reason for being. Reading, learning, writing and communication generally - studying and teaching - proved central to the experience.
U.S.-Mexico Economic Integration and Border Communities
- "Agricultural Workers and the Effects of NAFTA" - Dr. Martha Menchaca, Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin
- This presentation will explore the economic and political structures that have stimulated the migration of rural Mexican agricultural workers in the United States and to the cities of Mexico. The period of analysis ranges from 1995 to 2013. It is argued that NAFTA agricultural trade policies, which came into effect during the late 1990s, led to the financial ruin of small-scale farmers and prompted greater levels of unemployment in the rural regions of Mexico.
- "Transnational Economic and Labor Ties in Nineteenth Century Border Communities" - Dr. Omar Valerio Jimenez, History, University of Texas at San Antonio
- This presentation will focus on the transnational economic and labor ties that people created in nineteenth-century border communities. While the governments of the United States and Mexico attempted to restrict the movement of people across the international boundary, the border remained porous throughout the nineteenth century as people migrated in both directions seeking better economic opportunities, political refuge, and freedom from labor restrictions. Workers and merchants strengthened transnational ties as border communities became more economically and socially integrated. The presentation will explain the link between immigration and labor, and the strategies workers employed to confront their challenges.
- "Documenting Labor in the Borderlands: Farmworkers, Maquiladoras, and Movements" - Alan Pogue, Borderlands Photojournalist
- This presentation will provide a retrospective of Mr. Pogue's photography of Mexican and Mexican American workers and labor movements in the US-Mexico borderlands from the 1970s to the present as well as some of the inspiring stories behind the pictures.
The Art, Literature and Poetry of El Movimiento
- "¡Sí Se Puede!: Cultural Strategies of La Causa" - Dr. Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, Independent Scholar
- La Causa, the campesinos crusade for social justice, mobilized thousands to its principals. Political strategies embedded in Mexican and Mexican American working-class culture were skillfully integrated into these mobilization efforts. This presentation will explore how oral traditions of rhetoric, poetry, song, and theater, together with Catholic and pre-Columbian symbols and rituals formed a cultural world rooted in the lived experiences of campesino life. Cultural expressions were inseparable from the political tactics of La Causa.
- Santa Barraza, Professor of Art, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
- This presentation will focus on the important role of Chicana art collectives in furthering the feminist and indigenous aesthetics and visual narratives of culture and identity that emerged during El Movimiento.
- "Música del Movimiento Xicano" - Juan Tejeda, Mexican American Studies, Palo Alto College and Conjunto Musician
- This presentation will give an overview and perspective on Xicanx Movement music from the corrido tradition to the contemporary Conjunto/Tejano style of musical group, Conjunto Aztlán.
- Poetry Performance: Nephtali De León
- Theater Performance: OLLU Teatro Campesino with Marisela Barrela
- Musical Performance: El Tallercito de Son